Op ed columnist the winning essays are

While at Stony Brook, Spider earned a reputation as a great entertainer at campus coffeehouses and gatherings, strumming his guitar and singing in harmony with his female partner. The story, "The Guy with the Eyes" Analog Februarywas set in a bar called Callahan's Place ; Robinson would, off-and-on, continue to write stories about the denizens of Callahan's into the 21st century.

Op ed columnist the winning essays are

These women have revolutionized everyday tasks with their inventions, smashed the glass ceiling to smithereens in the business world, fought for our freedom during the Civil Rights Movement and continue to push for further inclusion and diversity in the media Op ed columnist the winning essays are future generations to come.

Let these ladies inspire you to think outside of the box and to find a window when it seems like all the doors are closed. Rosa Parks Best known for her refusal to leave her seat for a white passenger on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks sparked a citywide boycott of buses that led to a law desegregating buses across the nation.

Her trial inspired further efforts to desegregate public places in a peaceful manner, solidifying her name in the history books as one of the most influential people in the fight for racial equality. Rosa also worked with Planned Parenthood and founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development, which uses bus tours to educate young people about Black history.

She has published two books and received numerous accolades for her work in the Civil Rights Movement.

Op ed columnist the winning essays are

After her passing inshe was also immortalised in a statue and postal stamp on the anniversary of what would have been her th birthday by President Obama in She also invented a scalp protector to make the experience less painful. The perm machine made Marjorie the first Black woman in history to receive a patent for her work, but unfortunately all the royalties and rights to her invention went to Madame C.

In addition to her inventions, Marjorie worked tirelessly to improve the lives of her fellow beauticians and hair stylists. She also raised money for Black colleges and founded the Alpha Chi Pi Omega sorority and fraternity to raise the standards for beauticians.

Op ed columnist the winning essays are

Mary Kenner Mary received five patents in her lifetime for household items including the sanitary belt maxi padsthe bathroom tissue holder, a back washer that mounted on the wall of the shower and the carrier attachment on walkers for disabled people.

She worked as a florist and credited her father for encouraging her creativity during her childhood. Despite her major success, Mary maintained that she created these items because she enjoyed making life easier for people and it was never about the money.

Ruane Jeter Ruane was most notably the inventor of the toaster, but along with the help of Sheila Lynn Jeter, they created many items of stationery. This included sheathed scissors, the stapler, a staple remover and many multi-purpose office supplies. Her toaster had a digital clock that timed how long food should stay in depending on how well done you wanted it.

This toaster could also be used for bagels, waffles and pop tarts, in addition to bread. They were prime examples of how to follow through on your ideas. Alice Parker Alice designed a gas heating furnace, which led to the modern version of central heating that we use today.

Her design negated the need to stock and burn wood in a traditional furnace for heat, making the system a lot safer for people to operate and regulate. She recognized the need for this improved design, when like the rest of us, she grew tired of being freezing and found the fireplace ineffective in warming the rest of her house.

Mary McLeod Bethune Mary was a pioneer for education and a civil rights activist. She believed in the importance of education as a vehicle for racial advancement and worked hard to make sure that young people had the knowledge they needed to move forward.

She also worked with the National Association of Colored Women and eventually became its leader in She aided several presidents and offered advice on child welfare and minority affairs. She was a talented singer and violin player with multiple degrees, which is how she met Martin, while studying at university in Boston.

After his death, she worked as a syndicated columnist writing about social issues and became a regular commentator on CNN. She was also the first Black female to hold the position of provost at Stanford University, where she also worked as a professor and went back to after her time in the White House.

She has written several political books and has broken down many typically male employment structures. Her heart lies in education reform, despite her childhood dreams of being the first female President, but who knows what is in store for her bright future.

Josephine Baker As a dancer and singer, Josephine was one of the most popular and highest-paid entertainers of her time. She also toured France and the States as a comedian and Broadway actress.Spider Robinson (born November 24, ) is an American-born Canadian science fiction author.

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