The report will outline the steps needed to achieve a future of work that provides decent and sustainable work opportunities for all, against the background of rapid transformational change in the world of work. It will include a number of concrete proposals for a new, inclusive approach to economic growth and development that will aim to shift priorities in global and national economic policy-making.
Ninety-three per cent of those involved in the cotton harvest worked voluntarily, The systematic recruitment of students, teachers, doctors and nurses has ended. However, according to the monitors, the recruitment of staff from state institutions, agencies and enterprises still occurs in some places.
Child labour, which was previously a serious problem during harvest time, is no longer a major concern.
This political commitment was followed by a number of structural changes and reforms in recruitment practices. The ILO monitors have observed that these measures are working and people on the ground can feel a real difference.
The land allocated for cotton growing has been reduced but the crop still provides an important source of income, especially for women in rural areas. Third-Party Monitoring The ILO has been monitoring the cotton harvest for child labour sincethrough an agreement with the Uzbek government, employers and trade unions.
Inas part of an agreement with the World Bank, it began monitoring the use of forced and child labour during the harvest.
ILO experts carried out 11, unaccompanied and unannounced interviews with cotton pickers and others involved in the harvest in all provinces of the country, to create a picture of the situation on the ground. This year human rights activists were involved in a number of field interviews, awareness raising activities and reviews of cases gathered through a government hotline set up to hear complaints and questions.
No government representatives were involved in the monitoring. Moreover, to ensure the highest possible level of integrity, GPS coordinates were generated randomly and only given to the international ILO experts just before their departure to the next destination.
While the overwhelming majority of cotton pickers worked voluntarily insome pickers from state institutions, enterprises and agencies reported that they would have preferred not to have participated in the harvest but did not want trouble from their employer.
Others in this category reported that they picked cotton voluntarily because of improved rates and bonuses. Government reforms As part of a number of reforms, the Uzbek government increased wages and introduced a differentiated pay scale so that pickers are paid more per kilogramme of cotton towards the end of the harvest, when conditions are less favorable and there is less cotton to pick.
The wage structure was further refined in to encourage mobility by rewarding those who were willing to pick in less densely populated districts with lower yields. The government hotlines dealt with more than 2, cases in In a number of cases local hokims mayors and heads of institutions were disciplined for violating people's labour rights.
The disciplinary action included dismissals, demotions and fines. Uzbekistan has begun processing raw cotton and is positioning itself as a manufacturer of textiles and garments. There is no reason why this should not take place in Uzbekistan as well. The ILO stands ready to facilitate this process.
As well as the cotton industry, it deals with employment and recruitment policies, labour inspection and administration, labour law, occupational safety and health, social dialogue and strengthening trade unions and employers' organizations. Sharing and Personal Tools.For example, the ILO–International Finance Corporation Better Work Programme in South-East Asia has resulted in the extension of labour rights and improved working conditions for millions of workers in the garment industry.
The International Labour Organization was created in by Part XIII of the Versailles Peace Treaty ending World War I. It grew out of nineteenth-century labor and social movements which culminated in widespread demands for social justice and higher living standards for the world’s working people.
The ILO was established by the Versailles Peace Treaty in , its primary task to draft Conventions on labour standards and oversee the development of international labour law. The list of International Labour Organization Conventions totals laws which aim to improve the labour standards of people around the world.
rows · The ILO was established by the Versailles Peace Treaty in , its primary task to draft . International Labour Organization (ILO), specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) dedicated to improving labour conditions and living standards throughout the world.
International Labour Organization (ILO) (Photo: Mohammed Al-dharafy/UN) Established in , the International Labuor Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing social justice for women and men through decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security, and human dignity.