World war 2 history notes

This pattern produced a centred diamond formation and allowed for some margin of error. However wartime experience showed this allowance was insufficient.

World war 2 history notes

The History Notes: World War II: Aftermath Facts

As a result, the Royal Air Force had built up a comparatively large strategic bomber force. By way of contrast, German air force doctrine was almost totally dedicated to supporting the army. Therefore, German bombers were smaller than their British equivalents, and the Germans never developed a four engined heavy bomber equivalent to the Lancaster, B or B The main concentration of German raids on British cities was from autumn until spring After that a large proportion of the strength of the Luftwaffe was diverted to the war against the Soviet Union.

German raids continued on a smaller scale for the rest of the war, and later the V-1 cruise missile and V-2 ballistic missile were both used against Britain.

However, the balance of bomb tonnage being dropped shifted greatly in favour of the RAF as Bomber Command gained in strength. ByBomber Command could put 1, bombers over one German city. However, it should be noted that this was a special effort using all available aircraft and training units as well.

It was before 1, bomber raids became possible without a special effort. Bomber Command raided by night and the US forces by day. Duringa raid on Hamburg produced one of the most devastating fires in history. A firestorm was created in the city, and 40, people were killed.

Only World war 2 history notes raid on Dresden inthe firebombing of Tokyo and the atomic bombs killed more people through a single attack.

In addition to the direct damage caused by these attacks, large amounts of resources were diverted to air defense. Not only did the Italians fail to conquer Greece, but the Greeks successfully counterattacked into Albania. This prompted German intervention, which also involved the invasion of Yugoslavia, where a pro-German coup had been defeated a few days earlier.

British forces were dispatched from Egypt to Greece, but were comprehensively beaten. After the mainland was conquered, the Germans invaded Crete. Instead of an amphibious assault as expected, the Germans mounted a large airborne invasion.

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It suceeded, but the paratroops of the German army were so badly mauled in the process that an airborne operation was never again attempted by Germany during the war. Once the Balkans was secure, the largest land operation in history was launched, when Germany attacked the Soviet Union.

The early weeks of the invasion were devastating for the Soviet Army. Enormous numbers of Soviet troops were encircled in pockets and fell into German hands.

However, it wasn't only German troops that went into the Soviet Union. Italian, Hungarian and Romanian troops were also involved in the campaign. Out of all the adversaries of the Allies, the situation of Finland was unique. Finland initially declared neutrality, however with German and Soviet troops on her soil, and well prepared for co-belligerence with Germany when the Soviet Union attacked on June The following conflict from is referred to as the Continuation War, i.

Operation Barbarossa suffered from several fundamental flaws. The most serious of these was the logistical situation of the attack. Ultimately it is logistics that determine what a military can do. The sheer vastness of the distances in the Soviet Union meant that the Germans could only advance so far before outrunning their supply chains.

By the time the German attack froze to a halt before Moscow on December 5,it literally could not go any further.

World war 2 history notes

There simply were not enough supplies reaching the front to conduct proper defensive operations, let alone a proper offense. The timetable that Barbarossa was planned to assumed that the Soviets would collapse before the Russian winter hit. The failure of that to happen also fatally affected German plans.

During their long retreat, the Soviets employed a scorched earth policy. They burnt crops and destroyed utilities as they withdrew before the Germans. That helped to contribute to the logisical problems that the Germans experienced. The extension of the campaign beyond the length that the Germans expected meant that the German Army suffered hundreds of thousands of casualties in the bitter cold of the Russian winter, and from the counterattacks of Soviet units.

Even with their advance having ground to a halt due to a lack of supplies and the onset of winter, the Germans had conquered a vast amount of territory.World History notes IAS pdf Download free – UPSC Mains – hello Friends Welcome to here we are providing you World history Notes Compilation for UPSC Mains World History notes IAS pdf Download free – UPSC Mains [2] World War II was the most destructive conflict in history.

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Section 2: Japan's Pacific Campaign. World War II is most commonly described as having been fought in two main theaters of war note. The European Theater was the conflict between the Allied Powers .

World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries. Sparked by the Nazi invasion of Poland, the war dragged on for six bloody years until the Allies.

World War II: Causes and Timeline | - HISTORY